The Speaking Test of IELTS assesses whether a candidate can effectively communicate in English. The assessment covers:
- Vocabulary or Lexical usage
- Grammar and its range
- Fluency: This is achieved if you practise speaking in English with your friends and office colleagues. Once you feel confident about the language, you could even record your speech and play it back to assess yourself. Self-assessment does wonders.
- . Coherence: You are given one minute to jot down points before speaking on the given If you organise your thoughts on the topic in a systematic manner, it will prevent you from repeating yourself. Don’t write sentences in the one-minute given – just make a note of the points which can be elaborated later to describe coherently.
- Vocabulary: Use words that come naturally to you. Don’t repeat the words of the examiner. You should not use words that are known to you but are not normally used. Remember, to be effective, you have to use words that are clear in meaning and not abstract.
- Grammar and its usage: You will be assessed on usage of English, not your opinions for views. Use correct words while answering questions. Most examinees don’t listen carefully to the questions asked. They want to answer the question without properly forming it in the correct grammar usage. Don’t answer in monosyllables. Use proper sentences to answer and keep slang words out.
- Pronunciation: Watch talk shows on Television/Radio to get the correct pronunciations. Repeat unfamiliar words a number of times after listening to them. Ask a friend whether he/she understands what you speak clearly. You don’t have to speak like a natural speaker – but you should be clear to the examiner.
Band description of Speaking
A candidate can achieve band 9 if he/she-
- Speaks coherently and fluently without repetition and develop the topic in an intelligent manner.
- Makes little or no errors in speaking accurate structures in English sentences.
- Uses idiomatic language effectively and as naturally as possible.
- Speaks fluently with few repetition or self-correction and develops the content of the topic coherently.
- Has the ability to use a range of sentence structures sensibly. Occasional errors are generally overlooked.
- Is easy to understand and has fairly good
- Can speak coherently with occasional repetitions but hesitates in connecting sentences.
- Has the ability to use idiomatic language and also is familiar with appropriate use of words.
- Can speak error free sentences in spite of few grammatical errors.
- Can be understood without difficulty.
This module requires a consistent effort at understanding and retaining the key points in the given passages. Since there is just one from to answer 40 questions from three section, fame is if essence. (?) Since most students now-a-days do not have the reading habit, they not only find it difficult to understand the sections due to limited vocabulary, but also due to the fame given. (Frame?)
Three things that make Reading module difficult are:
- The type of topic
- The type of question
- The instruction
- Topics of diverse nature form a challenge to aspirants who generally are aware _______ (?)only about their professional fields . Vocabulary and grammar are essential.
- There are over 12 different question types. Some are more difficult than the others to answer. For example – Yes/No/Not Given questions are harder than Sentence Completion type questions.
- Most students do not read the question fully. As a result, answers given do not meet the requirements. One set of questions might, for instance, say “Choose One Word Only for the passage for each answer.” But answers must say “Write no more than three words And/Or a number for each answer.”
- Do not choose more than one answer under stated.
- Answer all questions – if you are not sure, guess.
- Answers are usually in order.
- Questions or sentence completion is your understanding of a sentence in the text that contains the same information as in the question sentence. Look at signpost words to help.
- Most of students find the Yes/No/Not Given questions likely. Answering Yes question is not difficult but answering No or Not Given can be confusing. If the question sentence contradicts information in the text, the answer is No. If the question sentence neither matches the information in the text, nor contradicts it, the answer must be Not Given.
- Another area of doubt is the questions dealing with suitable heading – given in a box. Students who read newspapers, generally do not find these questions difficult to answer. The answer is usually in the first sentence of a paragraph or in the last of a paragraph.
Conclusion: From the above points, it is clear that the bottom line to success is in concentration and proper comprehension of the questions. Of course, vocabulary and grammar play a big role in understanding the questions.
This module is based on total concentration. Most students with basic understanding of the English language and its structure are able to answer all the questions.
The types of questions are as follows.
- Note completion
- Form completion
- Table completion
- Sentence completion
- Flow chart completion
- Map labelling
- Diagram labelling
- Multiple choice
How to tackle this module and score maximum in it?
– The candidate has to primarily understand the conversation. The lecture played on the audio tape plays a big role in getting good grades. Also, spellings play a big role too.
- What is tested is usually the ability to identify key facts, speaking attitudes, opinion and the use of ‘enact’ words as heard on the tape.
- Correct spelling is absolutely essential.
Conclusion: What separates the Listening module from others is the level of concentration required to answer the questions. If a candidate is mentally absent and does not allow his mind to wonder, he is sure to fare well.
What is common to all the form modules is total concentration and understanding of the English language. A good knowledge of grammar, spellings and sufficient vocabulary is required to meet the basic requirements of the exam and achieving excellent grades.
Let us take the factors that need to be taken seriously in the writing module:
- Vocabulary: You need to have a good range of academic words and phrases for the main IELTS topics.
- Grammar: You need to use accurate grammar and a range of complex structures (for example relative clauses, noun phrases, conditionals)
- Organization: You need to write clear, well-organized, paragraphs, and an answer which is easy to follow.
- Ideas and arguments: You need to make sure you have well-developed ideas, that you answer the questions fully, and that you give a clear point of view.
There are three types of essays usually asked in Writing module of the IELTS exam:
- Advantages and disadvantages essays
- Problem and solution essays
- Opinion essays
All the essays have to follow a standard format. There should be at least four paragraphs
- Body content – include for/against / include problem/solution
- Opinion – Your stand
- Conclusion : Overall assessment of the body content with no new points.
Before writing down anything, a lot of focus on the topic and questions is required. Write down the points that first come to your mind while reading the questions.
INTRODUCTION OF AN ESSAY
This requires a thorough understanding of the topic. Since you cannot re-write the topic sentence, you should be prepared to paragraph the topic in your own words. Most students find it difficult to write the introductory paragraph since their knowledge of the topic is usually superficial. convoy.(?) Therefore, spend some time understanding the topic before forming a sentence, that reflects your thinking on the subject.
Body of the essay
- The body should cover different aspects of the topic in separate paragraphs.
- Proper linking words should be used to connect ideas logically and effectively.
- Use a variety of sentences to explain your points.
- Cohesion is absolutely necessary to ensure logical reasoning.
Opinion part is missing
Conclusion: This paragraph is important as the introduction. It gives a summary of all the main points and must have connection with these statements.
A good conclusion generally connects of a:
- a) One sentence summary
- b) A focused summary of the main points
- c) Something new or your own from on the topic.
Commonly used phrases in summary are
- To sum up
- In conclusion
- To conclude
And many more
TASK 1 (GRAPHS)
Most students find it difficult to interpret a graph. Remember, a graph is used to explain the reliant features of a data.
In Task 1, you are trying to find how accurate your writing is. Using the correct preposition and linkers is a way to make it more precise. Another way to make your wiring more accurate, is to use articles correctly.
Follow the steps given below:
Commenting on the data in a graph:
- Compare the different parts of the graph using a relative clause.
- Comment on the peak.
- Add an extra vocabulary to give explanations.
- Add a superlative.
- Group data into the pencil of time. (?)
Commenting on a graph with a future trend
- Use the future tense with academic phrases to make your writing more interesting.
Comparison of information presented in line graphs, pie charts, tables and bar graphs can be done in a variety of ways.
- Use comparative and superlative forms of the verb.
- Use words related to small differences or big differences like much, a lot, slightly, a bit, considerably, a little, in place of
- Another way to increase the range of language for describing comparative is to use – “not+verb+as+nount phrase+as”
Eg: Coffee in France does not cost as much as in England, at Rs. 1.5 to Rs. 3 respectively.
- It is important to describe numbers and data in different ways to avoid repetition.
Conclusion: As explained in the above points, a lot of focus is required to get the necessary grades in the Writing Module. The candidate has to read the questions, topics and the data carefully to achieve the mandatory IELTS qualifying requirements.
Importance of focus on concentration for excelling in Academic IELTS – Reading/Listening/Writing.
Concentration in studies is defined as focus on the work before you. It is easy to talk about it, but it requires a lot of effort to keep yourself focused on a given topic since our minds tend to wander here and there.